In March, be watching your mail for an invitation to respond to the 2020 Census.
What is a census?
Once a decade, America comes together to count every resident in the United States, creating national awareness of the importance of the census and its valuable statistics. The decennial census was first taken in 1790, as mandated by the Constitution. It counts our population and households, providing the basis for reapportioning congressional seats, redistricting, and distributing more than $675 billion in federal funds annually to support states, counties and communities’ vital programs — impacting housing, education, transportation, employment, health care and public policy. Learn more under Related Documents.
Is the census confidential?
Yes! Under Title 13 of the U.S. Code, the Census Bureau cannot release any identifiable information about individuals, households, or businesses, even to law enforcement agencies. The law states that the information collected may only be used for statistical purposes and no other purpose. See information regarding confidentiality under Related Documents.
How does the census define "residency?"
Individuals are to be counted at their usual residence, which is the place where they live and sleep most of the time, as of April 1, 2020. If they do not have a usual residence, they are counted where they are on Census Day. See the Residential Criteria under Related Documents for clarification on specific living situations.